Facts about Malta
The country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Gozo, and Comino) being inhabited. Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transhipment point, a financial centre, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004.
Two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red.
316 sq. kms
417,000 (2011 approx.)
Maltese (official), English (official). Italian is widely spoken. German and French are common especially in the Tourist industry.
The majority of the population are native Maltese with a small (2%), mainly British, amount of expatriates.
Chief of state: Ms Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca (since 4 April 2014)
Head of government: Prime Minister Joseph MUSCAT (since 10 March 2013)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Elections: president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term; election last held 9 March 2013; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed Prime Minister by the President for a five-year term; the Deputy Prime Minister is appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Major resources are limestone, a favourable geographic location, and a productive labour force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and pharmaceuticals), and tourism.
Malta has adopted the euro ( € ) on 1st January 2008.
Central European Time
Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
National and Public Holidays
The following is the list of national holidays:
- 31 March - Freedom Day
- 1 May - Worker's Day
- 7 June - Sette Giugno
- 8 September - Victory Day
- 21 September - Independence Day
- 13 December - Republic Day
The following is the list of public holidays:
- 1 January - New Year's Day
- 10 February - Feast of St Paul's Shipwreck
- 19 March - Feast of St Joseph
- Good Friday
- 29 June - Feast of St Peter and St Paul
- 15 August - Feast of the Assumption
- 8 December - Feast of the Immaculate Conception
- 25 December - Christmas Day
Weights and measures
Voltage is 240 volts AC at 50 Hz
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